ENT is a surgical subspecialty within medicine that deals with
the surgical and medical management of conditions of the head and neck. Patients seek treatment from an otorhinolaryngologist for
diseases of the
ear, nose, throat, base of the skull,
head, and neck. These commonly include functional diseases that affect
the senses and activities of eating, drinking, speaking, breathing,
swallowing, and hearing. In addition, ENT surgery encompasses the
surgical management and reconstruction of
cancers and benign tumors of the head and neck as well as plastic surgery of the face and neck.
Sign of Ear, Nose & Throat Problems:
Common ENT Problems:
There are many different ear, nose, and throat (ENT) disorders and an
even greater variety of characteristic symptoms. The following list
involves the four most common ENT disorders.
Ear Infections (Otitis)
Ear infections are very common, particularly in children. Inflammation can also occur in your ears; cold and flu viruses often cause the pain.
The symptoms of ear infections:
Itchy around the ears
Strep throat is an infection in the throat and tonsils caused by bacteria called group A Streptococcus.
The symptoms of Strep Throats:
Sore throat that can start very quickly
Pain when swallowing
Sinusitis is an
inflammation or swelling of the tissue lining the sinuses. Sinuses are
hollow spaces within the bones between your eyes, behind your
cheekbones, and in your forehead.
The symptoms of Sinusitis:
Pain, tenderness and swelling around your eyes, cheeks, nose or forehead
Loss of smell and taste
Sleep Apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts. If you snore loudly and feel tired even after a full night's sleep, you might have sleep apnea. In adults, the most common cause of obstructive sleep apnea is excess weight and obesity, which is associated with soft tissue of the mouth and throat.