Clinical Outcomes

Intensive Care Unit
Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP)
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a type of hospital-acquired pneumonia that occurs more than 48 hours after invasive mechanical ventilation (MV) via an endotracheal tube (ETT) or tracheostomy.

The number of Ventilator-associated pneumonia per 1000 ventilator days in selected ICUs is the standard measure for surveillance such as Mechanical Ventilatory Assistance for at least 2 consecutive days.


Malaysia Patient Safety Goal Standard ranged from 0.0-4.4 per 1,000 ventilators less than 10 per 1000 ventilator days



Infection Rate in ICU

Percentage of MRSA Infection at KPJ Ipoh Specialist Hospital from 2018to 2020
Malaysia Patient Safety Goal Standard < 0.3%



Percentage of ESBL at KPJ Ipoh Specialist Hospital from 2018 to 2020
Malaysia Patient Safety Goal Standard < 0.3%


Percentage of Acinetobacter Baumannii at KPJ Ipoh Specialist Hospital from 2018 to 2020