Cardiology is a branch of internal medicine, a specialty dealing with disorders of the heart and blood vessels. Cardiology deals with diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease (CAD), heart failure, valvular heart diseases, aneurysms of the blood vessels. Cardiologists should not be confused with cardiac surgeons, cardiothoracic and cardiovascular, who are surgeons who perform cardiac surgery - operative procedures on the heart and great vessels.
Otorhinolaryngology (ORL) or Ear, Nose & Throat (ENT) refers to the surgical specialty that deals with diseases of the ear, nose and throat, including conditions affecting hearing and balance and other sensory conditions such as smell and taste disorders. Allergies in the ENT region are also presenting more commonly with many different ENT symptoms.
ENT surgeons also diagnose, evaluate and treat the myriad of diseases affecting the head and neck. Head and neck diseases are very much part of the disease spectrum handled by the ENT surgeons, hence the commonly-used term “ENT, Head and Neck Surgeon”. These include masses, tumours, cancers, difficulty in swallowing, voice changes, breathing difficulties and sleep-disordered breathing, among others.
And because of the close proximity of certain anatomical areas to the ENT regions, certain diseases involving the brain and skull base are also managed by a combined team of ENT surgeons and Neurosurgeons.
ENT surgeons treat the above conditions across all ages, from newborn to the elderly.
With the advent of endoscopes and microscopes, more in-depth evaluation of ENT diseases can be easily performed in the clinic by the ENT surgeons. Many of the ENT diseases are treated with medications without surgery. For those needing surgical procedures, some of the simple procedures can be performed in the clinic setting. As for the rest, more extensive surgery, are done under general anaesthesia in the operating theatres.
Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine which deals with the diseases and surgery of the visual pathways, including the eye, hairs, and areas surrounding the eye, such as the lacrimal system and eyelids. The term ophthalmologist is an eye specialist for medical and surgical problems. Since ophthalmologists perform operations on eyes, they are considered to be both a surgical and medical specialty.
GastroenterologyGastroenterology is the branch of medicine whereby the digestive system and its disorders are studied. Diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which includes the organs from mouth to anus, along the alimentary canal, are the focus of this specialty. Physicians practicing in this field of medicine are called gastroenterologists. Hepatology, or hepatobiliary medicine, encompasses the study of the liver, pancreas, and biliary tree and is traditionally considered a sub-specialty.
General MedicineGeneral Medicine also called as Internal medicine is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis, management and nonsurgical treatment of unusual or serious diseases. Specialists in general medicine are commonly called, physicians. Because their patients are often seriously ill or require complex investigations, physicians are very work intensive in the hospitals. In modern practice, most physicians are subspecialists: that is, they generally limit their medical practice to problems of one organ system or to one particular area of medical knowledge. For example, gastroenterologists and nephrologists specialize respectively in diseases of the gut and the kidneys.
General SurgeryGeneral surgery, despite its name, is a surgical specialty that focuses on abdominal organs, e.g., intestines including esophagus, stomach, small bowel, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder and bile ducts, and often the thyroid gland (depending on the availability of head and neck surgery specialists). They also deal with diseases involving the skin, breast, and hernias. These surgeons deal mainly in the Torso.
Neurosurgery is the surgery discipline focused on treating the central nervous system, peripheral nervous systems and spinal column diseases amenable to surgical intervention. In the last few decades, the greatest steps in the development of neurosurgery have been the implementation of microsurgery, the enormous development in the imaging of the central nervous system and the improvement in the quality and quantity of intensive care. This development allows for excellent results of the treatment of central nervous system diseases.
Obstetric & Gynaecology
Obstetrics and Gynaecology also known as O&G or Obs & Gynae are the two surgical specialties dealing with the disease and conditions related to female reproductive organs and conditions associated with pregnancy. We also offer advance laparoscopy procedure as part of our extended services.
Laparoscopy is a type of surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to access the inside of the abdomen (tummy) and pelvis without having to make large incisions into the skin. This procedure is also known as keyhole surgery or minimally invasive surgery as such the surgeon uses an instrument called a laparoscope. This is a small tube that has a light source and a camera, which relays images of the inside of the abdomen or pelvis to a television monitor.
The advantages of this technique over traditional open surgery includes:
• a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery time
• faster return to normal activities
• less pain and bleeding after the operation
• reduced scarring
• less internal scarring/adhesions
• aesthetically better than open surgery
1. Laparascopic Cystectomy
2. Laparascopic Fibroid removal
3. Laparascopic Hysterectomy
4. Laparascopic Staging For Gynae Cancer
Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics (also spelled orthopaedics) is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal (muscle and bone) system. Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and non-surgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders.
Pediatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents. The upper age limit of such patients ranges from age 12 in Malaysia. A medical practitioner who specializes in this area is known as a pediatrician.
Radiology & Imaging
Radiology is a branch of medicine that uses imaging technology such as x-rays, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Ultrasound to diagnose and treat diseases. Radiologists are physicians who are specialized in radiology. Interventional radiology is the performance of minimally invasive medical procedures with the guidance of imaging technologies. The acquisition of medical imaging is usually carried out by the radiographer.