Specializes in treating diseases of the nervous system. The nervous system is made of two parts: the central and peripheral nervous system. It includes the brain and spinal cord. Illnesses, disorders, and injuries that involve the nervous system often require a neurologist’s management and treatment.

    Neurologists manage and treat neurological conditions, or problems with the nervous system. Symptoms that commonly require a neurologist include:

    • coordination problems
    • muscle weakness
    • a change in sensation
    • confusion
    • dizziness

    People who are having problems with their senses, such as touch, vision, or smell, may also need to see a neurologist. Problems with senses are sometimes caused by nervous system disorders.

    Neurologists also see patients with:

    • seizure disorders, such as epilepsy
    • stroke
    • multiple sclerosis
    • neuromuscular disorders, such as myasthenia gravis
    • infections of the nervous system, including encephalitis, meningitis, or brain abscesses
    • neurodegenerative disorders, such as Lou Gehrig’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease
    • spinal cord disorders, including inflammatory and autoimmune disorders
    • headaches, such as cluster headaches, and migraine

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